Temperature: Tolerant of a fairly wide temperature range but a value of 24-28 °C is recommended for long-term aquarium care.
pH: 6.0-8.0. Somewhere on the alkaline side of neutral is ideal.
Hardness: 90-447 ppm
Conosciuto anche come Convict Cichlid o Ciclasoma Nigrofasciatum.
Temperature: 20-28 °C
pH: Captive-bred examples are not fussy with somewhere in the range 6.0-7.5 normally recommended. Wild-caught fish may require more specific conditions depending on origin.
Hardness: 90-357 ppm
Conosciuto anche come Oscar.
Temperature: 26-32 °C
pH: In its natural waters pH values of 4.8-6.6 have been recorded and wild-collected specimens are likely to do best within this range. Captive-bred examples can normally be maintained under neutral conditions.
Hardness: Ideally 0-90 ppm.